All the carbohydrates we eat every day are not digestible. As a result, our body breaks down the polysaccharides into monosaccharides which are the simplest form of carb and can get digested easily. Once digestion is complete, the broken down units get absorbed into the blood from the lower intestine. They are then carried to their respective locations. For instance, fatty acids are stored in muscles, while proteins are used for building cells. But glucose remains in the blood to provide an immediate supply for cellular respiration. There are three prescribed blood testing techniques to distinguish or analyze metformin for prediabetes: A1C, fasting plasma glucose, and 2-hour post 75 g oral glucose challenge. These are similar tests right now prescribed to recognize undiscovered sort 2 diabetes.
The remaining glucose is then converted into glycogen through a hormone known as insulin. This helps in proper utilization of the molecules and lowers blood’s overall content. This is a normal phenomenon that is completely reliant on the endocrine system. If somehow the hormone is not generated in enough quantity, glucose mixed in the blood won’t get converted into glycogen. Hence, the blood glucose levels will increase, resulting in diabetes.
While diabetes is a growing concern for many healthcare professionals, we cannot ignore prediabetes’s dangers and risk factors. It is a borderline condition where the blood sugar level is higher than the maximum range, but your doctor is yet to mark it as full-scale diabetes. Although, from a preliminary outlook, this health problem doesn’t sound to be much dangerous. But being a borderline condition, doctors are concerned about the same. Keeping this in mind, we have described the entire diagnosis and prediabetes treatment process.
What are the causes of prediabetes?
The primary cause of prediabetes is a higher amount of blood sugar level in the blood than the normal range, but it cannot be deemed a diabetic condition. There is no particular cause that hampers the release of insulin hormone in the blood. But studies have revealed certain conditions that can increase the chances of suffering from this disease. Before we learn the prediabetes treatment, we will discuss how it is caused.
- Obesity is one of the leading causes of prediabetes. It can interfere with your endocrine system and hence the hormone production in your body. This is why obese people are at higher risk of developing prediabetes.
- Another cause of prediabetes is stress and hypertension. Although the direct relationship between stress and prediabetes is not known yet, it has been observed that people living such a lifestyle are at higher risks.
- Smoking or alcohol consumption is considered a major cause of metformin for prediabetes, especially if the person is a regular drinker or smoker.
- If someone from your family has already had diabetes, you are likely to develop the condition if proper steps are not taken, like following a healthy lifestyle. This is why it’s crucial to ensure everyone knows about the family history to be aware of this disease.
Risk factors of prediabetes
Since prediabetes is a borderline condition, it leads to diabetes if not taken care of at the earliest. Although the blood glucose level is higher than the expected range, doctors won’t follow the traditional diabetes treatment. This is why prediabetes is also termed a toxic stage because the blood glucose level, no matter whether it’s extremely high or not, will remain high and cause several physiological changes in the functions of other organs.
How is prediabetes detected?
To ensure that the prediabetes treatment process is optimal, both the individuals and doctors must know its symptoms and diagnosis process.
- Usually, during the prediabetes, one may encounter discolored skin in several regions like elbows, knees, armpits, and neck.
- You might face increased thirst due to rapid water loss from your body.
- A decrease in overall body weight is also another concerning symptom that helps in proper prediabetes treatment.
- Blurred vision and dizziness often accompany other symptoms of metformin for prediabetes due to the loss of water from your body.
There are three different tests performed to detect prediabetic conditions in individuals. These are:
- Haemoglobin AC1 test
- Fasting plasma glucose test
- Oral glucose tolerance test
Based on the results obtained from these examinations, doctors decide if you are suffering from prediabetes or not.
Treatment methods for prediabetes
The prediabetes treatment process involves a change in lifestyle and support from a few medicines. Doctors usually focus on a lifestyle change because it helps the body restore normal homeostasis and increase insulin production. Besides, changing the lifestyle also prevents the transformation of metformin for prediabetes into Diabetes Type 2. Medicines are also given, but only to support your health condition.
With proper prediabetes treatment at Max Healthcare, you can get relief from health conditions and risk factors caused due to this health problem. But, the changes won’t happen overnight because it is completely related to your hormonal system. The original condition can often not be restored, but yes, the blood glucose concentration can be lowered with additional insulin shots.